Picture this: you have been called into Human Resources. They sit you down. They terminate your employment. You are worried about finding another job, losing insurance benefits, and keeping up with your bills. This is turning out to be not the greatest day of your life! Then they put a magical document with the title “Severance Agreement” in front of you. Perfect! They are offering you some money, plus they will continue your medical insurance for a few months! Where’s the pen? Problem solved, right?
Maybe. Maybe not.
Depending on the circumstances surrounding your termination, you might be giving up an awful lot. Here are four things to look out for:
Do you have to release your employer regarding any future legal claims?
You may not want to give up the right to bring a legal action against your employer if your termination was for an impermissible reason, for example if you were terminated after reporting illegal working conditions or practices, taking leave under the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA), or complaining about illegal discrimination on the basis of race, gender, national origin, or some other prohibited basis.
Does the agreement make it more difficult for you to find another job?
If you had an employment contract, it may contain non-compete language designed to prevent you from working, or soliciting employees or customers, in a specific area for a specific amount of time. While these provisions may be legal, they must be reasonable in terms of time and scope, and a sneaky employer might make it more difficult for you to find work through language inserted into the severance agreement.
Are they forcing you to make up your mind on the spot?
Under the federal Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA), you are entitled to 21 days to consider the severance agreement before signing, which gives you the opportunity to talk to an attorney. And then you are entitled to another seven days after signing to revoke if you change your mind. Some employers include this in all severance agreements, just to be sure you can’t turn around and say you were rushed into signing without a chance to talk to an attorney. But they don’t have to. It pays to be wary of what is in – and what is not in – the severance agreement language.
What will they say about you when a new employer calls for references?
Severance agreements usually have language which prohibits you from disparaging your former employer. But do you get that benefit too? Probably not. Before signing a severance agreement, make sure it addresses how they will address future reference calls about you.
And don’t forget, you are always entitled to your earned wages no later than the next regularly scheduled payroll cycle (in CT, the next business day) after your termination.
If you have any questions about whether signing a severance agreement is in your best interests, or for any other legal needs related to your business or estate planning, contact Fournier Legal Services for a free consultation at email@example.com or 860.670.3535.
Joe received his law degree from the University of North Carolina–Chapel Hill School of Law and his Accounting degree from the University of Rhode Island. He is admitted to practice law in Connecticut, Massachusetts, and Rhode Island, and he is a CPA. He is an Adjunct Professor and lecturer at the University level and has been a frequent speaker on business planning and legal matters.